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The Egyptians believed that the human soul used the first night after
death to travel into the afterlife. However, the body, which the
Egyptians believed was an essential element to the afterlife had to be
mummified to preserve it for eternity. The mummification process took 72
days to perform properly. This was the time to put finishing touches on
the tomb and to pack all the deceased's worldly possessions, which
surely would be needed in the afterlife.
The Funeral procession of the Royal Scribe Ani.
In this picture we see servants or hired hands carrying Ani's home
furnishings, Servants are dragging a chest on which Anubis is sitting,
inside the chest is more of Ani's worldly possessions or perhaps his
canopic jars. All of these objects will be placed in the tomb for his
use in the afterlife. In front of them are eight male mourners dressed
in white. Ani's mummy rides on a funerary boat which is being drawn by
oxen. Very hard to see in this picture are the goddesses Isis and
Nephthys who are usually shown in this scene protecting the dead. Ani's
wife mourns at his side. The man wearing a leopard skin and turned back
towards Ani's mummy is a priest, he is burning incense.
There are men carrying more of Ani's belongings. The group of women in
clothed in blue are a party of paid, professional mourners who wail and
pat dirt on their heads. This was an Egyptian show of mourning. The cow
and calf are food offerings that will be used for the funeral feast.
Ani's mummy stands before the entrance of his tomb, in the protective
embrace of Anubis. His wife mourns at his feet. Behind her are offerings
and three priests. One reads from a papyrus, while the other two are
about to perform an important ceremony called the "opening of the mouth
and eyes." This ceremony was thought to restore the mummy's ability to
see, breathe, eat and drink.
� Arab World Books